Intelligent and Efficient Travel management for European Cities
In-Time on EC Information Society Portal

Increased urban traffic in European cities has resulted in chronic congestion, causing delays and pollution. As a result of this phenomenon, every year, nearly 100 billion Euros are lost, which represent 1% of the EU's GDP. Furthermore, urban traffic is responsible for 40% of CO2 emissions and 70% of emissions of other pollutants arising from road transport. There is currently a real need for cities to come up with strategies to improve urban mobility and reduce energy consumption caused by transport.

Multimodal Real Time Traffic and Travel Information (RTTI) services are seen as strategic measures for drastically reducing energy consumption in urban areas across the different modes of transport, by changing the mobility behaviour (modal shift) of the individual traveller from car to more sustainable means of collective transport. This change of traveller behaviour will result in less pollution and CO2 emissions, less particle emissions, and less noise.

Funded under the EC ICT Policy Support Program (ICT-PSP) In-Time is a Pilot B project aiming to address these challenges by implementing and piloting an ICT infrastructure to facilitate the deployment and delivery of Multimodal RTTI services for drivers and travellers in European cities. In-Time aim is to deploy and validate an innovative pan-European approach to Real Time Traffic and Travel Information (RTTI) services, largely based on ICT and ITS European standards, enabling the interoperability of information and services between local data/service providers, end-user Travel/Traffic Information Service Providers (TISPs)  and across European cities.

In-Time pilot services are implemented and validated in six European cities: Brno, Bucharest, Florence, Oslo, Munich and Vienna. In each city, an In-Time server has been set-up providing access to several local travel and traffic data and services as a basis for the provision of end-user, value-added, multi-modal RTTI services provided by various TISPs in the site.

The data and services accessible via In-Time in each pilot site can be seen here, accessing a web application built using our e-miXer technology.

The In-Time pilots are seen as an important step for the validation and evaluation of effective ways of exploiting EU and ITS open standards and their benefits in the deployment of RTTI services in European cities. This is also important in view of the recent EU Directive 2010/40 which provides the new legal framework to accelerate the deployment of ITS applications across Europe, including RTTI services.

For a brief overview of In-Time, you can look at this ppt presentation.

In-Time is based on the previous EU study project eMOTION to which we took part as well (more info ...).

In-Time work has then continued in the follow-up ICT-PSP Co-Cities pilot we have also participated in (more info ...).

The delivery of multi-modal travel and traffic information services requires the access to and integration of various kind of data and services which are typically distributed across different systems, owned and operated by different authorities or service providers. Such systems may be individual systems or, eventually, systems providing already some level of integration of several local systems (e.g. Regional Data/Service Servers, RDSSs). Independent from the level of integration available in a site, a common situation in Europe is that access to local data and services is made difficult by the use of different data formats, standards, interfaces, implementation technologies, etc.

The In-Time technical goal is the design, implementation and pilot demonstration of a Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) providing business to business (B2B) services largely based on European standards to access local travel and traffic information and enabling the implementation and delivery of value-added, business to consumer (B2C) multimodal, Real-time Traffic and Travel Information (RTTI) services for European travellers and citizens.

Standard-based B2B services enable European-wide Travel and Traffic Information Service Providers (TISPs) to easily access traffic and travel data and services in the single area (city, region) via a harmonised, standardised and open interface. This enable TISPs to provide end-user multimodal RTTI services (B2C services)  accessible via mobile or navigational devices, which are interoperable across different content owners/systems and different geographical sites. B2C services have the potential to influence travel behaviour both in (1) the pre-trip phase, by allowing access to the complete and integrated multimodal information and taking environmental aspects into account and (2) on-trip, by providing suitable information based on traffic and transport conditions and events enabling the traveller to avoid congestion and bottlenecks and select alternative routes and/or alternative transport modes.

Core element of the In-Time concept is the In-Time Commonly Agreed B2B Interface (the In-Time B2B CAI): a service-oriented, middleware infrastructure enabling standardised access to multimodal RTTI services operated in a city or region. The In-Time B2B CAI definition is based on the integration of standards belonging to three main worlds: (a) Service Oriented Architectures and related W3C standards, (b) European ITS standards for travel and traffic information in various sub-domains (multimodality) and (c)  Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standards for the management of spatial information. 

The B2B services implemented in the current version of the In-Time CAI provide (access to) information in various sub-domains of people transport and mobility, including:

  • individual (car) traffic
  • public transport
  • weather
  • location based services (e.g. Point of Interest)
  • multimodal transport planning

Overall, the following In-Time services are provided via the B2B CAI by the TISPs to the travellers and end users:

Reference In-Time end user services

The In-Time solutions has been set up at 6 European pilot sites (Vienna, Brno, Bucharest, Oslo, Munich, and Florence) to ensure the easy access of real-time multimodal traffic data for external TISPs. This model ensures the easy access to all urban traffic related data within one region resulting in the distribution to the end-users via several consistent information channels and in parallel enhancing user acceptance.

During the pilot operation the individual traveller behaviour will be monitored with quantitative methods for data collection with a required minimum number of 150 test persons. On the basis of the traffic model elaborated, the effects of the behavioural change of the test persons and of the new traffic management technologies will be simulated and applied onto the full traffic system thus giving an insight into the global changes the In-Time scheme provides to the pilot site.

AustriaTech - Federal Agency for Technological Measures Ltd. (AT)

Tele Atlas BV (NE)

BRIMATECH Services GmbH (AT)

Mizar Automazione S.P.A. (IT)

Universitatea Politehnica din Bucuresti (RO)

SINTEF Technology and Society (NO)

ITS-Vienna Region (AT)

ASFINAG Maut Service GmbH (AT)

Telematix Software, a.s. (CZ)

Fluidtime Data Service GmbH (AT)

PTV Planung Transport und Verkehr AG (DE)


Swarco Futurit Verkehrssignalsysteme GmbH (AT)

Brnìnské komunikace a.s. (CZ)

ATAF spa (IT)

Softeco Sismat S.p.A. (IT)

micKS MSR GmbH (DE)

Geo Solutions nv (BE)

Österreichisches Forschungs- und Prüfzentrum Arsenal Ges.m.b.H. (AT)

MemEx Srl (IT)

Austro Control - Österreichische Gesellschaft für Zivilluftfahrt  (AT)

In-Time focuses on interoperability between different systems, data/service sourcesand service providers as the key aspect to enable the deployment and operation of real-time, multi-modal Travel and Traffic Information services.

Overall, the enabling ICT infrastructure defined and implemented by In-Time is a distributed Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA) where nodes – content and service providers – are inter-connected via a B2B, multi-standard, Commonly Agreed Interface (CAI) defined on the basis of EU open standards in the domain of ITS, geo-spatial data and Web Services.  The In-Time B2B CAI represents the 'core' In-Time infrastructure which provides any site (e.g. city) a way to enable easy access to and use of local contents and services necessary for multi-modal travelling, including  individual traffic, public transport, weather, location based services, flight, freight and intermodal journey planning information and services.

A number of enabling ICTs and open standards are used in the In-Time infrastructure, including:

  • In-Time Data Model
    • encoded in Unified Modeling Language (UML),
    • supports several EU ITS standards, including e.g. DATEX 2, TPEG, IFOPT, SIRI, JourneyWeb, OpenLS
    • includes ISO 19100 Geographic Information Standards (OGC)
  • Web Feature Services(WFS)  /  Data Access Web Services
    • base services for access to In-Time content
    • existing service standards from OGC and OASIS.
    • service models encoded in WSDL documents describing the interfaces
  • Exchange format  (encoding) for In-Time data
    • defined by an Application Schema of Geography Markup Language (GML)
  • XML Schema Descriptions(XSDs)
    • concrete tool usable for implementation



The In-Time pilots in the six sites - Brno, Bucharest, Florence, Munich, Oslo and Vienna - started operations in January 2011 and will run until April 2012.  So far, In-Time has achieved the following main results:

  1. Successful implementation of the B2B CAI in all six pilot cities, providing interoperable access to several local contents and services. Contents and services available in the sites can be seen by the e-miXerTM In-Time web application delivered by Softeco.
  2. Production and delivery of In-Time-enabled mobile Apps by four In-Time partners - Geosolutions (Windows Mobile platforms), Fluidtime (iPhone), Telmap (Nokia platforms), Softeco (Android platforms) - demonstrating interoperability across sites and contents/service sources.
  3. Pilot operation of the In-Time B2B interface and mobile apps in all sites, with local test user groups summing up to 900 users (as of October 2011)
  4. Full demonstration of feasibility of the approach and of technical as well as operational role of the standard-based B2B CAI in the implementation of open architectures for accessing and using local Real-time Traffic and Travel Information services.

Results from the trials, in terms of impacts on travellers behaviour and contribution to sustainable mobility, will be available in spring 2012 and will be reported here accordingly.

As the technical coordinator of In-Time, together with Mizar Swarco, we have coordinated to the design, implementation, deployment and demonstration of the core In-Time technology: the In-Time B2B Commonly Agreed Interface. Furthermore, we have been responsible for implementation of the B2B CAI in Florence and have implemented and launched the In-Time-enabled e-miXerTM mobile end-user application running on Android smartphones.

The In-Time B2B CAI

The In-Time B2B CAI (server) is implemented in Florence since October 2010 and enables access to contents and services provided by: ATAF, the Florence Public Transport service operator, Florence parking service provider (Firenze Parcheggi), the Municipality of Florence (for traffic event data), Tom Tom BV (for individual traffic journey planning/routing, geocoding, map services). It has been tested and validated by providing seamless access to local data and services fotr all four In-Time mobile apps.


The In-Time B2B CAI is completely defined in the "In-Time Package", which has been prepared to provide In-Time Follower Cities and TISPs with the technical documentation and material necessary to understand, set-up and use the In-Time infrastructure. Overall, the In-Time Package contains the following elements:

  • In-Time conceptual Data Model encoded in Unified Modeling Language, UML.
  • The Application Schema of Geography Markup Language (GML) derived from the Data Model and providing the exchange format for In-Time data.
  • WSDL files, also generated from the conceptual definition of In-Time services.
  • XML schema definitions (XSD-files) for each Application Schema of the In-Time Data Model. XSD files are the starting point for the concrete use of the In-Time specifications as they enable the automatic generation of code libraries, the configuration of OGC’s WFS and WMS etc.
  • A code library in C# and Java.
  • An introductory guide and links to publicly available full documentation from In-Time, providing detailed explanation of the principles, architectural design, standards and enabling implementation technologies underlying the definition of the In-Time infrastructure.

The In-Time B2B CAI can be downloaded from the relevant page on the In-Time project website.

In-Time enabled mobile App: e-miXer mobileTM In-Time

e-miXerTM mobile In-Time is our In-Time-enabled mobile apps for Android smartphones and tablets providing mutimodal information and journey planning services to travellers. Enabled by our e-miXerTM technology and launched in June 2011, the app provides pre- and on-trip mobile access to data and services in any In-Time enabled city or region. The actual user position –  automatically provided by the phone –  or a specified location (address, POI) can be used to plan a journey from a place to another or to get information about Parking Places, Public Transport Stops or Traffic Alerts in the proximity of the user. Additionally, once a journey is planned, users can search for LBS information around the start, destination or intermediate points. Any of these points, in turn, can be used as the start or destination point for another journey, depending on the user’s needs and preferences.

Data and information depend on local resources in the sites. In Florence, for instance, the mobile app provides easy access to several location based information such as static and dynamic parking information, bus stop locations, but timetables and real-time estimated time or arrivals at stops, traffic events, multimodal journey planning including public transport, car, bike and walking.

The App is available via the Android Market.






Press release & News


Marco Boero

Michele Masnata

Know how - Mobility


EC Programme
ICT-PSP (Policy Support Program)

Grant agreement
N° 238880

Start date
April 2009

36 months

AustriaTech – Federal Agency for Technological Measures Ltd.


IN-TIME project flyer (EN) IN-TIME project fact-sheet (EN)